Why Is Fast Fashion Bad? – Reasons, Issues & Impact On The Planet

Before clicking that ‘buy’ button, read on to discover why fast fashion is bad news for everyone (except maybe your wallet).

Shopping is one of the most popular pastimes in the world, whether it’s used to satisfy a need, indulge in a desire, or simply pass the time.

However, while we’re browsing through the isles and racks, and filling our baskets and carts with various items, we don’t bother to check the tags, and most of the time it’s because we’re enthralled with the pretty designs or the cheap price.

We don’t stop to think about how the products are made, what they are made of, where they come from, or what kind of impact they have on the environment and us.

As a result of that, we may be unintentionally contributing to a cycle of unsustainable consumption that can have serious consequences for both the planet and ourselves.

What Is Fast Fashion?

Fast fashion (explained in a simple way) is an industry that’s a lot like a high-speed train that quickly chugs out trendy and affordable clothing at a cheap price, leaving behind a trail of questionable ethics and environmental impact.

The fashion industry has undergone a revolution with the introduction of fast fashion, which provides customers with the latest styles at a significantly lower cost compared to designer brands. However, this business model comes with a significant cost. Fast fashion relies on rapidly producing clothing and encourages customers to purchase more clothing, leading to overconsumption and disposal.

This approach has had a severe impact on the environment and the individuals involved in the manufacturing process. Despite these issues, fast fashion remains a prevalent force in the fashion industry, raising concerns about ethical consumption and sustainability.

Why Is Fast Fashion Bad?

Although fast fashion may seem worth it and beneficial to us because we get clothes and other items that look just like they come from high-end designers but at a quicker pace and at a cheaper price. But its increasing popularity has a lot of adverse effects.

There are several reasons and issues why fast fashion is bad:

Environmental Impact

The fast fashion industry relies on a high volume of clothing production and transportation, leading to increased carbon and greenhouse gas emissions and resource depletion. The use of synthetic fibers and toxic chemicals can lead to water pollution and other environmental issues.

Labor Exploitation

Fast fashion brands often use cheap labor in developing countries, where workers may face working in unsafe working conditions and get paid very little money.


The fast fashion business model is constantly urging customers to keep buying and discarding clothes, which leads to overproduction and textile waste.

Poor Quality

The garments made by fast fashion brands are often made from cheap materials and cheap manufacturing techniques, leading to poor-quality clothing that doesn’t last long and is easily discarded.

Cultural Appropriation

Fast fashion often takes inspiration from cultural trends without acknowledging or respecting the cultures they come from.

Health Risks

The chemicals that are used in the production of fast fashion clothing can be harmful to workers, consumers, and the environment.

The Environmental And Societal Impact Of Fast Fashion

Fast fashion has made an immense negative impact on the environment and society.

Environmental Impact

Fast fashion has a significant negative impact on the environment. The production of fast fashion involves the use of large amounts of water, energy, and other natural resources.


Fast fashion has a significant negative impact on water resources. It’s one of the biggest polluters of water in the world. The production of textiles, dyeing, printing, and finishing processes require large amounts of water, which leads to water pollution and depletion of freshwater resources.

In a lot of countries, where fast fashion clothing is produced it is known that this textile industry pollutes rivers and groundwater sources. This pollution affects the health and well-being of the people and animals that live in those communities that rely on those water sources for agriculture and drinking.

Furthermore, the fast fashion industry as we mentioned is known for its mass manufacturing, leading to a huge amount of textile waste. When clothes are thrown away they end up in landfills or incinerators, which can also pollute water sources and contribute to water scarcity.

Harmful To Animals

The fast fashion industry can be very harmful to animals in several ways:

Use Of Animal Products

Many fast fashion brands use animal products such as fur, leather, wool, and silk in their clothing and accessories. The production of these materials often involves animal cruelty and exploitation.

Chemicals In Production

The production of fast fashion clothing involves a lot of chemicals that can be harmful to animals. These chemicals can leak into water sources and harm animals that live there, or enter the food chain and harm animals further up the food chain.

Waste And Pollution

Fast fashion produces a significant amount of waste and pollution, which can harm animals in a lot of ways. For example, plastic microfibers from clothing made from synthetic fabrics can enter water sources and harm marine life, while landfills and incinerators can emit harmful chemicals into the air and soil, which can harm animals and their habitats.

Climate Change

Fast fashion contributes to climate change, which has a negative impact on animals all around the world. Climate change is causing animals to lose their habitats, thus them becoming extinct, and it also causes changes in the migration patterns and breeding cycles for a lot of animals.


Fast fashion has a negative impact on the environment, including its contribution to greenhouse gas emissions.

One of the primary ways fast fashion contributes to greenhouse gas emissions is through the production of synthetic fibers, such as polyester, nylon, and acrylic. These materials are made from fossil fuels, which release a huge amount of greenhouse gases during their extraction and processing.

The fast fashion industry also contributes to greenhouse gas emissions through its manufacturing processes. Many fast fashion brands rely on overseas factories that often use coal-fired power plants to generate electricity. Coal is one of the main polluting fossil fuels and through its combustion, there are a lot of toxic gasses released, such as carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides, which contribute to climate change.

Transportation is also a large contributor to greenhouse gas emissions. This industry contributes to greenhouse gas emissions through its short lifespan. Fast fashion items are only meant to be worn a few times before they’re discarded, which means customers need to be buying more and more clothes very frequently, leading to increased production and transportation emissions.

Fast Fashion’s Impact On Society

Fast fashion has also made a detrimental effect on society too.


Fast fashion has a significant negative impact on overconsumption. Fast fashion retailers produce clothing quickly and cheaply, encouraging customers to buy more clothes for cheap. This has created a culture of disposability, where clothes are treated as a disposable commodity rather than something that should be cherished.

With every action, there is always a reaction. That’s the case here too. The result of overconsumption is an enormous amount of waste. The fast fashion industry is one of the biggest polluters on the planet, with clothing production and disposal contributing to environmental problems, such as water pollution, deforestation, and greenhouse gas emissions.

Exploitation Of Workers

The fast fashion industry also has a significant impact on the workers throughout the supply chain. From the people who make the clothes to the farmers who grow the cotton, workers often endure poor working conditions, low wages, and even human rights abuses.

One of the main issues with fast fashion is that it promotes a culture of low prices and high consumption, which creates pressure for fast fashion brands to create clothes very quickly and cheaply. And because of that workers are being paid very low wages and work long hours in terrible working conditions. In some cases, they may work in unsafe factories with no adequate safety measures, leading to accidents and injuries.

The root cause of the tragedy was poor working conditions, as workers were forced to work in hazardous conditions to fulfill a large number of orders from fast fashion brands. They were paid very little, and even after the tragedy, the companies showed reluctance to provide adequate compensation. Such incidents highlight the prioritization of capitalism and consumerism over human lives.

The fast-paced nature of this industry means that workers are often required to work overtime or face penalties, which can lead to over-exhaustion and burnout. The workers throughout the supply chain are subjected to human rights abuses, such as forced labor, child labor, and exploitation. The use of toxic chemicals in textile production, such as pesticides and dyes, can lead to health problems for workers and their communities.


While fast fashion has certainly made clothing more accessible to consumers, it has also resulted in numerous negative environmental and social impacts. It contributes to textile waste, pollution, and exhaustion of natural resources, and it often relies on exploitative labor practices.

It’s very important that we recognize that our clothing choices have real consequences on the planet and for us, and it’s always good to remember that we all have a responsibility to make ethical and sustainable choices.

Additionally, we can always reuse and upcycle our clothing, or we can donate, resell, or recycle it instead of throwing it away.

We should also support independent designers and brands that are genuinely committed to being ethical and sustainable.

It’s important that we do these practices so that we can help the environment, and especially the workers. We need to be their voices and help them get better and safe working environments, better rights, health benefits, and better living wages.

To sum up, fast fashion is a very harmful and unsustainable industry that has detrimental effects on both people and the planet. By making more conscious and ethical choices about the clothing we buy and support, we can make a more sustainable and ethical fashion industry.




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